Penn State University - School of Visual Arts
Fall 2015
Art 415 Integrating Media: Convergence in Practice
Professor: Eduardo Navas (
Mondays & Wednesdays 2:30 PM - 5:30 PM

Office Hours: Mondays & Wednesays 12 PM - 1 PM
206 Arts Cottage


Project 1: Emphasis on Music 20%
Project 2: Emphasis on Music and Image 25%
Project 3: Image, Music and Text, Part 1 15%, Part 2 15%

Research Methodology

Depth of Field


Long Term Assignment:
View Three Colors by Kirstof Kieslowski, by October 11.
The films are on 4 hour reserve for individual viewing at the Pattee Library, at the Media Reserve desk on the second floor of Pattee Library:
Blue, white, red: three colors
by Kieslowski, Krzysztof; Piesiewicz, Krzysztof; Karmitz, Marin; Jacob, Irene; Trintignant, Jean-Louis; Binoche, Juliette; Delpy, Julie; Preisner, Zbigniew

Week 17: December 16, 2015
Due: Final Project with any necessary adjustments after critique


Wednesday, December 9, 2015
Special Screening of Final Project open to the public | Final Project Critiqued

Monday, December 7, 2015
Lab day: make necessary adjustments to final project

Week 15

Wednesday, December 2, 2015
Project 3 critiqued in class


Monday, November 30, 2015
Lab day to work on Project 3 due on December 2


Week 14

Wednesday, November 25, 2015


Monday, November 23 2015

Week 13

Wednesday, November 18, 2015
Weekly Assignment critiqued on Angel


Monday, November 16, 2015
Lab day to work on weekly assignment


Week 12

Wednesday, November 11, 2015
Lecture on image, music, text | Weekly Assignment released due on Monday November 17 | Weekly Assignment critiqued | Discuss Navas "Remix[ing] Art"

Part 1 of Project 3 Released, due on December 2, 2015

Weekly Assignment due on November 18, 2016 | To be critiqued on Angel:

Develop a 15 to 30 second experimental video on any subject of your choice.

Technical parameters:

  • at least one close-up, one mid-shot, and a wide-shot.
  • Implement sound that questions the video footage. For example, if the footage is of a happy moment, then the sound should be sad, or violent, or ambiguous enough that the viewer will question the idea of happiness, or not think of happiness at all.
  • Implement text that complicates the relationship of the image and sound. You should consider the typeface carefully; choose one that connotes something specific (violence, elegance, ephemerality, leisure, etc). You can use text as much as needed. The text must be treated as a visual element, not as something to read. It must become one with the image and the sound.

You should consider your lighting and sound mix, and should use them to also convey meaning. Upload all files to Box and provide proper access with a link via Angel.

Monday, November 9, 2015
Project 2 Critiqued


Week 11

Wednesday, November 4, 2015
Lab Day work on project due on November 9


Monday, November 2, 2015
Green Screen Lecture | Analysis of Kieslowski's White | Read Eduardo Navas "Remix[ing] Art" in Remix Theory (ebook): Make sure you are logged on to your PSU library account: | Lecture on image, music, text


Week 10:

Wednesday, October 28, 2015
Weekly Project critiqued | Discuss Attali, "Noise" | Read Nicola Dusi, "Remixing Movies and Trailers Before and After the Digital Age," The Routledge Companion to Remix Studies, pp. 154 - 165 | Lecture on image, music, text | Weekly Assignment released due on November 4 |


Monday, October 26, 2015
Special Lecture by Bessie Gomez | Lab Time work on weekly project

Week 9

Wednesday, October 21, 2015
Go over weekly Assignment | in class critique | Discuss Mowitt, "The Sound of Music" | Read Jacquest Attali, "Noise: The Political Economy of Music," in The Sound Studies Reader, pp. 29-39 (PDF) | Weekly Project Released due on October 28

Weekly Assignment due on October 28:
Take your sound file from October 21 and embed it in a video file which includes all of the images used. You can place the images in a grid and let display them for the length of the sound composition. Optional: you can also develop a montage of the images by blending them into each other for the length of the composition.


Monday, October 19, 2015
Lab day work on Work on Weekly Assignment | Review readings assigned up to date


Week 8

Wednesday, October 13, 2015
Due: Project 1: Emphasis on Music, critiqued in class | Discuss Navas, "Remix[ing] Theory" | Introduction of Project 2 | John Mowitt, "The Sound of Music in the Era of Its Electronic Reproducibility," in The Sound Studies Reader, pp. 213-224 (PDF)

Weekly Assignment, Due October 21, 2015:
Choose at least five images ( you may choose as many as you like, there is no limit) and turn them into sound as explained during lecture on October 11. Make sure to adjust the image size in terms of pixels to change its playing time. You can copy/paste and resample parts of your file to develop a multi-layered composition. You can also apply filters and adjust the EQ levels. Try come up with an abstract ambient composition that best represents, in your view, the content of the images you used. The piece should be at least 15 seconds and no more than 1 minute.

Monday, October 11, 2015
Lecture on Video and Sound Analysis | Work on Project 1


Week 7

Wednesday, October 7, 2015
Work on Major Assignment | Lecture on image, music, text | Lab Time | Discuss Navas, "Remix[ing] Music" | Read Eduardo Navas "Remix[ing] Theory" in Remix Theory (ebook): Make sure you are logged on to your PSU library account: | Weekly Project Released


Monday, October 5, 2015
Lab day work on weekly assignment


Week 6

Wednesday, September 30, 2015
Work on Major Assignment | Discuss Navas, "Remix[ing] Sampling" | Read Eduardo Navas "Remix[ing] Music" in Remix Theory (ebook): Make sure you are logged on to your PSU library account: | Lecture on image, music, text |


Monday, September 28, 2015
Weekly assignment critiqued
|Go over the three types of remixes: extended, selective, and reflexive | Work on First Major Assignment

Week 5
Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Weekly assignment critiqued | Major Assignment to be released | Discuss Falconer, "The New Polymath" | Read Eduardo Navas "Remix[ing] Sampling" in Remix Theory (ebook): make sure you are logged on to your PSU library account: | Lecture and lab time to work on weekly assignment

Weekly Assignment due on Monday, September 30, 2015:
Add a bass to your abstract composition of September 23, 2015. You may add a chord arrangment as well if you find that your abstract composition woul be more interesting if you did this.


Monday, September 21, 2015
Review of assigned readings | Lab day


Week 4

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Weekly Assignment Critiqued | Lecture on image, music, text | Discuss McLeod, "An Oral History" | Read Falconer, Rachel, "The New Polymath (Remixing Knowledge)," pp. 397 - 408

Weekly Assignment Due on Wednesday, September 23, 2015:
See activities for Monday, September 14 for the beginning of this assignment)

Record sounds inside and around The Zoller Gallery and the various buildings of the visual arts, then evaluate how you can mix the sound to develop an abstract composition that may represent the activity of art of your choice, for instance:

How would you represent painting?
How would you represent sculpture?
How would you represent ceramics?
How would you represent new media?
How would you represent art education?

You should consider manipulating the sound to develop rhythmic loops, and to also create some type of melody if this fits your vision. The piece should be at least 15 seconds and no longer than 2 minutes.


Monday, September 14, 2015
Lab day:
Come to class with a microphone of your choice (uni or omni directional mic, if you already have an idea of what you will do) We will go to Zoller Gallery to look at the material available there for possible use in the project | We will then go back to class and you can work on weekly assignment due on Wednesday, September 16.


Week 3

Wednesday, September 9, 2015

Weekly Assignment Due | New Weekly Assignment released | Lecture on analysis of image, music, text | Discuss Sonvilla Weiss's "Good Artists Copy" | McLeod, Kembrew, "An Oral History of Sampling," The Routledge Companion to Remix Studies, pp. 83 - 95 | Techniques on music and media production | Lab time

Weekly Assignment due on September 16, 2015:
Choose one of two of the ambient sounds you recorded from your immediate environment (first weekly assignment) and combine it/them with at least three selected samples from your music composition (second weekly assignment). If you think you can develop better ambient sounds than those you used for your first assignment, feel free to record from your environment again.

You should consider changing the tempo of the piece. You should also experiment by putting each sample or recording through different filters and apply sound effects to each track in order to enhance your composition. Try to develop a composition that matches a mood of your choice. Your final recording should be at least 30 seconds and no longer than 2 minutes.


Monday, September 7, 2015
Labor Day, no class


Week 2

Wednesday, September 2, 2015

Critique of first weekly assignment | Lecture on music and its relation to image and text | Discussion of "Culture and Remix" | Weekly Assignment released | Read "Good Artists Copy; Great Artist Steal: Reflections on Cut-Copy-Paste Culture," The Routledge Companion to Remix Studies, pp. 54 - 67

Weekly Assignment due on Monday, September 9, 2015:
Develop a simple music composition based on pre-recorded loops, available with the software of your choice. The simplest and most accessible software if you have no extensive knowledge of sound mixing is Garageband. You can review the tutorial available on for week two:
You can also review Pro Tools if you want a more professional experience:

Technical Requirements:
Your composition must not be longer than 2 minutes.
It must have at least three different types of drums (percussive instruments)
It must include at least one but no more than three melodic instruments
It must connote a mood: happy, sad, reflective, dance, or other you care to define at the time of presentation.


Monday, August 31, 2015
Lab day


Week 1

Wednesday, August 26, 2015
Lecture on music as an art form | Overview of sound editing for weekly assignment | Begin discussion of Benjamin's "The Work of Art..." | Read: "Culture and Remix" by Eduardo Navas, The Routledge Companion to Remix Studies, pp. 116 - 132.

Weekly Assignment due on September 2:
Record three separate sounds from your immediate environment. You can use your phone, or any other device to do this. Then edit the sounds in any software you already use to have some type of rhythm that defies a coherent pattern. Note that the requirement of this assignment is a contradiction (rhythm/ pattern/ defiance) which you need to consider in order to develop a sound piece that questions how we record and expect to hear sound.


Monday, August 24, 2015
Introduction to Class | Lecture on Interdisciplinary Practice, the relation of image music and text | Weekly Assignment released due on September 2 released online | Read "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" by Walter Benjamin (PDF)

Week 12, 2015

Sites for the Week of November 12, 2015

Tony Oursler at PinchukArtCentre in Kyiv
Oursler @ AROS
Tony Oursler | Art in Progress | Reserve Channel

Douglas Gordon:
Douglas Gordon - Play Dead; Real Time
Designing Video Installations with Douglas Gordon
Douglas Gordon: the only way out is the only way in. Artist interview at ACCA 2014
Meet The Artist: Douglas Gordon Part 1 of 2
Meet The Artist: Douglas Gordon Part 2 of 2

Jeffrey Shaw (1989)
Jeffrey Shaw, Legible City:

Nam June Paik, Electronic Super Highway (1995)
YouTube clip of Paik's piece:
Nam June Paik: Venus
Nam June Paik : Video Installation Art Chicago 2000

Ray Rapp at Black & White Gallery

Bruce Nauman, Corridor
Bruce Nauman: "Poke in the Eye/Nose/Ear" | "Exclusive" | Art21

Julia Scher, Recovery Agent (R.A.), 1987

Diana Thater at EGS:

Video Installation Art at the Biennale in Santa Cruz Bolivia by SONIA FALCONE


Week 12,

Sites for the Week of November 9, 2015

Artists who use text in their work:

Barbara Kruger:
Barbara Kruger Time Lapse - Hirshhorn Museum
Barbara Kruger Circus
Barbara Kruger at Mary Boone Gallery Part 2 of 2

Jenny Holzer
Culture Show - Interview with Jenny Holzer
Jenny Holzer: Programming | Art21 "Exclusive"
Protect me From What I Want - Part 1 of 3

Commercials to consider for general concept development in time-based media:

Kohler Toilets:


Week 11

Sites for the Week of November 2, 2015

Green Screen tutorials:

Green Screen Tips, Tricks and Materials - Chromakey Tutorial

Adobe Premiere - How to Remove Green Screen (Chroma Key, Remove Background) Tutorial

After Effects Tutorial - Chroma Key - Green Screen


How to burn DVDs:

Adobe Encore CS6 Tutorial: Navigation and Burning a DVD

Adobe Encore - Authoring a DVD Part 1 - Preparing assets

How to Add Motion Backgrounds and Video Thumbnails to Menus in Encore Tutorial:

Encoding Video with Adobe Encore


Week 10:

Sites for the Week of November 2, 2015

Focus on the same shot throughout films by the same directors
All of the followiing selections can be found at

Hands of Bresson:
Wes Anderson Centered:
Wes Anderson from Above:
Tarantino from Below:
What is Neo-realism?
Kubrick, One Point Perspective:
Linklater on Cinema and Time:
Malick, Fire and Water:
Sounds of Aronofsky:

Remixes by Eclectic Method:

Ghostbusters (Eclectic Method Remix)
The Wolf of Wall Street Chest Thump Mix
Eclectic Method - 8Bit Mixtape
The Tarantino Mixtape
99 Problems in Film (EM)


Week 8

Sites for the Week of October 11, 2015

Analysis of films:

Infographic of Pulp Fiction in Chronological order:

My own analysis of Pulp Fiction:

Montage visualization of Breathless:

La Jetee by Chris Marker

Analysis of Close-Ups in Chris Marker's La Jetee

What Watching 'Memento' in Chronological Order Can Teach About Story Structure:

Timeline for Memento:


Week 7

Sites for the Week of October 5, 2015

Hip Hop Music Selection:

LA Dreamteam - "Rockberry Jam" (1985)

Rock Master Scott And The Dynamic Three - "The Roof Is On Fire" (1984)

Beastie Boys - License to Ill (1986)

Erik B and Rakim - Paid in Full (Album, 1987)
ErikB and Rakim - "Paid in Full" (Remix)
Sample sources for bass-line and drums:
Dennis Edwards - "Don't Look Any Further"
Soul Searchers - "Ashley's Roach Clip" (break happens around 3:35)

LL Cool J - "Going Back to Cali" (1988)
LL Cool J - "Illegal Search" (1990)

EPMD - "You Gots to Chill" (1988)
Sample taken from Zapp & Roger's "Bounce to the Ounce"

Boogie Down Productions (KRS-One) (1989)

Ice Cube - AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted (Album, 1990)

Public Enemy "Night of the Living Baseheads" (1988)

A Tribe Called Quest - The Lowend Theory (1991)
A Tribe Called Quest - Midnight Marauders (1993)

Wu - Tang Clan - Enter The Wu. Tang - 36 Chambers (Full Album, 1993)

Dre Dre - The Chronic (Album, 1992)

2pac - 2Pacalypse Now (Album, 1991)

2pac - "Changes" (1992, remixed and released in 1998)
Samples from Bruce Hornsby and the Range - "The Way It Is" (1986)

Nas sampled 2Pac's "Changes" for his song "Black President" (1998)

Notorious Big - Ready To Die (Full Album, 1994)
Biggie Smalls - "One More Chance"

Biggie Smalls - "One More Chance Remix" (1995)
Remix samples from Debarge's 1993 song "Stay with Me" (sample starts around 2:36)


Week 6

Sites for the Week of September 28, 2016


Music Selection from Jamaica, Dancehall:

Yellowman - King Yellowman (Full Album) 1984
Yellowman Reggae Sunsplash 1982

Mr Loverman- Shabba Ranks
House Call (Your Body Can't LieTo Me), featuring Maxi Priest

Elephant Man - Willie Bounce

Elephant Man & Wyclef Jean - FIVE-O

YouTube Selection of Dancehall:


Music Selection from UK, Northern Soul:

Frank Wilson - "Do I Love You" (Arguably once the rarest record ever)

The O'Jays - I Love Music (1975)

R Dean Taylor - There's A Ghost In My House

Love On A Mountain Top - Robert Knight

Bobby Freeman - "C'mon And Swim"

The four tops - I can't help myself - Live HQ

Gloria Jones - "Tainted Love" (1964)
(Not northen soul, but a cover of "Tainted Love," 1984 sequential mashup with "Where did our Love Go?" by Soft Cell, New Wave version):


Music Selection from U.S., Disco (before mid-seventies, soul music influenced by the Motown sound):

Viva Tirado Live - El Chicano (1970) 1971 performance:
See Kid Frost below under rap for a sample used in a rap song)

Charles Wright & The Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band "Love Land" (1970)

The Friends of Distinction - "Love or Let Me Be Lonely" (1970)

Manu Dibango - "Soul Makossa" (1973)

Kook and the Gang - "Jungle Boogie" (1974)

MFSB TSOP The Sound Of Philadelphia (1974)

Van McCoy - "The Hustle" (1975)

Sylvester - You Make Me Feel (mighty real)

James Brown - The Original Disco Man DISCO (1979)

Village People - "In the Navy"

Donna Summer " Love To Love You Baby "
Donna Summer I Feel Love [Extended Dance Edit] (1977)
Donna Summer - I Feel Love (Patrick Cowley Megamix)

Le Freak - Chic (1978)
"Le Freak (House/Funk Deep Remix)"
Chic Megamix - in memory of Bernard Edwards (mixed in the tradition of the old days with two turntables)

More, More More - Andrea True Connection

Bee Gees - "Staying Alive" (1979)

Bee Gees Megamix (Straight on two turntables, as it would be done at the club)


Music Selection from U.S. (Electro-funk/techno-funk, or simply... "funk" as it was called and known to DJs playing it.)

Three key tracks that informed funk in the eighties:
Babe Ruth's "The Mexican," James Brown's "The Payback", and The Incredible Bongo Band's "Apache"

"The Mexican" (break played by Mancuso and DJs in the Bronx, happens at 3:35 - 445)
Incredible Bongo Band - "Apache" (1973)
"Apache" is actually a cover originally recorded by The Shadows in 1969:
James Brown, "The Payback" (1973)
James Brown's drummer, Clyde Stubblefield is arguably the most sampled drummer in history:

Unity by James Brown & Afrika Bambaataa
Afrika Bambaataa and the Soul Soinc Force -"Planet Rock"
(extended mix, 1982)

Afrika Bambaataa, "Looking for the Perfect Beat"

Twilight 22 - "Electric Kingdom"

Al Naafiysh "The Soul" Side A:
Side B:
It's about time Remix:

Cybotron "Clear"
"Clear" Frankie Bones (founder of House music) Remix:

Herbie Hancock, "Rock it"
Live version (inspired many DJs including Mix Master Mike to become DJs--becaue of Grandmaster DSTs performance)
See Mike Scratching:

Much of early electro-funk borrowed (sampled freely) or were heavily influenced by the music of Kraftwerk (Germany). Two songs that were heavily sampled are:
Kraftwerk - "Numbers"
Kraftwerk - "Transeurope Express"

Newcleus was clearly influenced by the sound coming out of Germany. "Push the Button makes this quite evident." Also note that while Newcleus were very much experimenting with electro-funk, they also would rap, as you will notice one of their most successful songs is included under the rap section below.

Newcleus - "Push the Button" (extended mix) (1983)
Newcleus - "Push the Button" (with vocal intro)

The P Crew - "Nasty Rock" (1983)

Midnight Star - "Freakazoid" (1983)


Music Selection from U.S., Hip Hop (Rap):

Grand Master Flash and the Furious Five - "The Message" (1982)

The Egyptian Lover "Egypt Egypt" (1983)

The Egyptian Lover "I Need a Freak" (1983)

Newcleus - "Jam on It" (1984)

Whodini - "Friends" (1984)
Whodini - "Five Minutes of Funk"

Ice T - "Reckless" (1984)

Dr. Dre and the Wrecking Crew (1984)

World Famous Supreme Team (1984)
Malcolm Mclaren, "World Famous" (1984)
Malcom Maclaren, "Hobo Scratch" (1984)

UTFO - "Roxanne Roxanne"

Roxanne Shante "Roxanne's Revenge"

Run DMC - King of Rock (1985)
Run DMC - Sucker MCs (1984)

Beastie Boys - License to Ill (1986)

NWA, "Something 2 dance 2" (1988)
NWA, "Straight Out of Compton" (1988)

Public Enemy - "Don't Believe the Hype" (1988)
Public Enemy - "Fight the Power" (1990)

Queen Latiffah and Monie Love - "Ladies First" (1989)

Monie Love "Monie in the Middle" (1990)

Kid Frost - La Raza (1990)
(See disco section for the original song "Viva Tirado" by El Chicano to hear the source of melody and percussion samples)


Music Selection from U.S., Hip Hop (Turntablism):

Grandmaster Flash, Adventures on the Wheels of Steel

DJ Shadow, "Midnight in a Perfect World"

DJ Crush, Kemuri

Invisible Skratch Picklz Live

DJ Qbert, 2012 DMC
DJ Qbert & Mix Master Mike 2012 DMC

Kid Koala (Jazz improvization, date unknown)

Beat Junkies 1998


Week 5

Sites for the Week of September 21, 2015

The Joy of Disco - The Joy of Disco:

Studio 54 - Documentary complete

Amen Break Documentary (by Nate Harrison):
The Winstons - Amen Brother:

Scratch (2001 ,film)

TB-303 Documentary - Bassline Baseline (2005)


Week 4

Sites for the Week of September 14, 2015

Mixing engineering tutorials:

Mixing explained #1 - Basic Mixing Theory
Mixing Consoles Explained (Part 2):
Mixing Consoles Explained (part 3)


Krautrock - The Rebirth of Germany (BBC Documentary) - Full Version

The hip hop years part 1:
The hip hop years part 2:
The hip hop years part 3:

Copyright Criminals

Hip Hop is quite diverse. To get a sense of this look at the following resources:

Latino History of Hip Hop Part 1:
Latino History of Hip Hop Part 2:

A Brief History Of Asian Influence In Hip-Hop:

Philipinos in Hip Hop:

Breakdancing borrowed from martial arts, Kapoeira, gymnastics and contemporary dance, in turn the world has made breakdancing its own. Korean breakdancers remain one of the dominant forces in breakdance to this day:

Planet B-Boy - American Documentary about Breakdance & Hip Hop


Week 3

Sites for the Week of September 7, 2015

Film mashup of bar scenes, "Hell's Club"

On Listening vs. Hearing:
Memorex commercial Chuck Mangione Ella Fitzgerald


Music selection and relevant links for understanding how sampling and remix evolved:

History of Jamaican Music Pt 1
(Discusses ska and rock steady):
BBC Reggae The Story of Jamaican Music Programme 2 Rebel Music
(Discusses reggae and briefly dub):
Reggae Britannia Documentary Part 1
(Discusses Reggae in England)


Deep Soul The Up Rising Of Motown Part 1:
Deep Soul The Up Rising Of Motown Part 2:
Deep Soul The Up Rising Of Otis Redding Part 3:
Deep Soul The Up Rising Of Otis Redding Part 4:


Music Selection from Jamaica, 1960s:


Ernest Ranglin, "Liquidation"

Skatalites - Ska Authentic (Album, 1964)

Skatalites - Simmer down (1964)
Youtube's Music Selection of Skatalites and Ska:

Rock Steady:

John Holt & The Paragons - "I've Got To Get Away" (1968)
YouTube's Music Selection of The Paragons:

The Melodians Music Selection:

Coxsone, Studio 1, Trojan Recordings:


Reggae (See England below)


Dub (mainly 1970s):

Lee Perry and King Jammy - "Rude Boy"

Lee Perry, Scientist, and Other Various Selections:

King Tubby & Augustus Pablo - "Ruler Fi Dub"
YouTube's Music Selection of King Tubby:

YouTube Music Selection of Mad Professor:


Music Selection from England, 1960s/70s:


Jimmy Cliff, "The Harder They Come"
Jimmy Cliff & others, YouTube's Selection:

Bob Marley - Catch a Fire (First Album, 1973):
YouTube Music Selection of Bob Marley:

Blue Beat:

Bob & Marcia - "Young, Gifted and Black"
Bob & Marcia - "Really Together"

Blue Beat Recordings:


Music Selection from the United States, 1960s-70s:

The Supremes "Baby Love" (1964)

Marvin Gaye - "Easy Living" (1964)
YouTube Music Selection of Marvin Gaye:

James Brown - "The Payback" (1973)

Motown Music Selection:


How concepts of Dub, the selector & MC were popularly introduced in U.S. pop music:

Kool Herc "Merry-Go-Round" technique

Grandmaster Flash - Wildstyle

The Adventures Of Grandmaster Flash On The Wheels Of Steel

Chic - "Good Times" (1979)

Sugarhill Gang - "Rapper's Delight" (1979)


Week 2

Sites for the Week of August 31, 2015

Sound Tutorials on (Make sure you are logged in with your PSU account to by going to ):

Pro Tools 12 Essential Training

GarageBand Tutorials: Essential Training:


Music selection and relevant links for understanding how sampling evolved:


Everything is a Remix, Part 1:
Everything is a Remix, Part 2:
Everything is a Remix, Part 3:
Everything is a Remix, Part 4:


Copyright Criminals

Amen Break Documentary (by Nate Harrison):
The Winstons - Amen Brother:


Jamaican Music style before the '60s:

Mento Music:
Selection of Mento Music:

Brief Video on Mento Music:

Jamaican Folk Dances Explained:

Hil and Gully Rider:

Early Theodore Miller-Mento Music

Mento and Jamaican Music Compilation:

Contemporary Mento Band, The Jolly Boys:

Versioning Mento:
Amy Winhouse's "Rehab" Mento Version by The Jolly Boys:
Winehouse's "Rebhab":

Jamaican Journey - from mento to dubstep:


Selection of Music from the United States that influenced Jamaican Culture:

Charles Brown - "Rockin' Blues"
YouTube's Charles Brown Music Selection:

Louis Jordan, "Let the Good Times Roll"

YouTube's Louise Jordan Music Selection:

Big Joe Turner - "Shake, Rattle & Roll":
YouTube's Big Joe Turner's Music Selection:

Nat King Cole, "Nature Boy"
YouTube's Nat King Cole's Music Selection:

Peggy Lee, "Fever" (1958)

Abbie Mitchell, "Summertime" (1935)

Billie Holiday, "Summertime" (1936)

Miles Davis, "Summertime" (1958)


Versions in the tradition of dub:

Versioning "Fever" and "Summertime:"

Susan Cadogan, "Fever" (1969)

Ska version of "Summertime" by The Rude Boys (2000)

Reggae version of "Summertime" by B. B. Seaton (1973)


Versioning in Jungle/Drum 'n' Bass:

"Sweetest Taboo" by Sade:
"Sweetest Taboo" by Sweet Corner:

Beatles, "Come Together"
MC Olive, "Come Together"


Week 1

Sites for the Week of August 24, 2015

Sound Tutorials on (Make sure you are logged in with your PSU account to by going to ):

Up and Running with Audacity:
Importing audio
Playing audio with Audacity:

Making selections
Cutting, copying, and pasting
Splitting clips


Music Selection Relevant to Weekly Assignment:

Scott Benzel:

David Schaefer:

Andrea Parker:

Video Selections from "Bifurcaciones Sonoras"
(Aural Bifurcations), Transitio_MX 03:

Nick vs. Nic at Transitio MX:

Modular Framework, Exhibition videos of Constantini, MacKern, and Mendoza performances:

Sounds of Aronofsky: